Foreign Policy

 
Foreign Politics
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/ Categories: Politika e jashtme

Foreign Politics

The Foreign Policy Analysis Program (FPAP) was established by the Pristina Institute for Political Studies in 2014. The program aims to analyze and support Kosovo's Euro-Atlantic integration, producing studies on regional, European and global developments, as well as their effects on Kosovo's international position.

In a closer look, the program aims to reinforce the debate that serves Kosovo's full integration within the international system, to increase transparency in Kosovo's foreign policy towards citizens, to facilitate the policy-making process for decision-makers, and to enhance capacities of Kosovar diplomacy.

Through qualitative research the program is dedicated to serve as a bridge between Government officials, policymakers, citizens, diplomats, journalists, scholars, and others. The FPAP is the first and most prominent foreign policy research program in Kosovo.

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Activities on Foreign Policy
 
PIPS signs a memorandum of cooperation with the Kosovo Diplomatic Academy

PIPS signs a memorandum of cooperation with the Kosovo Diplomatic Academy

7 December 2021

Our commitment to foreign policy analysis and diplomacy has been marked by another achievement.

On December 6, 2021 Mrs. Leonora Kryeziu, Director of PIPS and Mr. Sabri Kiçmari, General Director of the Diplomatic Academy have signed a memorandum of cooperation between the two institutions.
07 December 2021/Author: Diona Kusari/Number of views (895)/Comments (0)/ Article rating: No rating
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Roundtable discussion "Turning the page towards a new chapter? Building trust between Kosovo and Serbia"

Roundtable discussion "Turning the page towards a new chapter? Building trust between Kosovo and Serbia"

26 October 2021

On October 26, PIPS held a roundtable discussion on "Turning the page towards a new chapter? Building trust between Kosovo and Serbia".

The discussion gathered politicians, former ambassadors and also Mrs. Sonja Biserko from the Helsinki Committee for Human Rights. The participants discussed the issue on the normalization of Kosovo-Serbia relations and the possibilities of building trust between the two countries.

26 October 2021/Author: Diona Kusari/Number of views (978)/Comments (0)/ Article rating: No rating
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Discussion on "Balkan regionalism 2021: SEFTA and Open Balkan"

Discussion on "Balkan regionalism 2021: SEFTA and Open Balkan"

15 September 2021

On 13 September PIPS held a closed discussion on "Balkan Regionalism 2021: SEFTA and Open Balkan" with stakeholders from the government, opposition and experts.

This event brought to the table the views of the parties on the SEFTA and Open Balkan agreements, and confronted the attitudes of key actors to measure the possibility for a unified stance of these actors on regional agreements.

This discussion stressed cautious action regarding:
- Unilateral initiative and positions vis-a-vis the need to strengthen interstate alliances and not to threaten the loss of strategic allies;
- Tendency to see the European Integration process as mutually exclusive from regional integration;
- Articulation of positions and unilateral initiative along with the need to create and strengthen interstate alliances and not to threaten the loss of strategic allies;
- Regional initiatives as a response to the stagnation of the region's European Integration process;
-The security of regional partnerships without equality of the parties and dealing with the past.
15 September 2021/Author: Diona Kusari/Number of views (1604)/Comments (0)/ Article rating: No rating
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Publications on Foreign Policy
 
SEFTA 'The New Proposal for Cooperation in the Western Balkans' 17 January 20220

SEFTA 'The New Proposal for Cooperation in the Western Balkans'

Regional cooperation in the Balkans is accompanied by a deep mistrust between states. Various initiatives initiated by the European Union or EU members, have installed various mechanisms to facilitate regional relations and maximize benefits for all participating countries. However, this has often not been the case. This Policy Note analyzes in a comparative context the government proposal with the existing economic cooperation agreement. Meanwhile, it provides an overview of how the new proposal would work, in the normative framework.
An Overview of Policies and Efforts on P/CVE in the Western Balkans 20 December 20210

An Overview of Policies and Efforts on P/CVE in the Western Balkans

The aim of this policy analysis is to shed light on how the six Western Balkan countries dealt with preventing and countering violent extremism (P/CVE). It is intended to be the first of a series of analysis on the issue. While this paper will focus on specific country initiatives and actor-based analysis, the upcoming publications will provide a regional statistical outlook concerning the phenomenon of foreign fighters, including the repatriation and reintegration initiatives, convictions, as well as the challenges faced by the six Western Balkan countries.
The Economic Normalisation Agreements and Foreign Policy Implications for Kosovo and Serbia 14 December 20210

The Economic Normalisation Agreements and Foreign Policy Implications for Kosovo and Serbia

1 year has passed since the signing of the Washington agreement for economic normalization between Kosovo and Serbia.

PIPS has evaluated and analyzed the implementation of 5 key points from this agreement as follows:
(1) designation of Hezbollah as a whole as a terrorist organization
(2) participation in Mini-Schengen (Open Balkans)
(3) compliance with the moratorium which suspended Kosovo's applications for membership in international organizations
(4) mutual recognition and the establishment of diplomatic relations with Israel for Kosovo, namely the relocation of the Embassy in Jerusalem for Serbia; and
(5) working with other countries to promote the decriminalization of homosexuality

Kosovo has met 4 of these points, while Serbia only 2 of them.

This publication clarifies the political context and the actions taken by both parties to realize these points.
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Energy and Environment

 
Energy and Environment
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/ Categories: Energjia dhe Ambienti

Energy and Environment

PIPS has been engaged in research, capacity building and advocacy in the field of energy and the environment for a number of years. Since 2012 PIPS has been part of the Regional Public Dialogue Initiative, supported by the GIZ Open Regional Fund for South-East Europe-Energy Efficiency, which aims to raise public debate on energy efficiency and climate protection in the seven Balkan states.

During these years, PIPS has organized a number of events (parliamentary hearings, roundtables, workshops, regional exchanges) and has also published policy reports, contributing to public dialogue on the aforementioned topics, advocating to policy makers and increasing the awareness of media and NGOs, civil society, providing recommendations for next steps and enhancing regional and cross-sectorial cooperation.

In the period 2017-2020 PIPS has collaborated with members of the Kosovo Assembly, partners, energy and urban mobility experts, MPs from the region, and MEPs in carrying out a number of activities aimed at enhancing MP capacities and the growing debate on the topics of energy efficiency and urban mobility. Activities under this project have intensified discussions in the Assembly of Kosovo and between the Assembly and civil society on environmental protection, sustainable development, and the development of environmental policies in line with EU Directives and Kosovo's obligations as a contracting state in the Energy Community. This engagement initiated the discussion on the establishment of the Green Group of Deputies in the Assembly of Kosovo, which was achieved in April 2019.

Further, in 2019, recognizing the need for qualitative reporting by Kosovar media on issues of energy efficiency, sustainable energy and climate change, PIPS has begun implementing the project "Capacity Building of Kosovar Journalists in the Field of Energy and Environment".

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Activities on Energy and Environment
 
Closing event of the Program for journalists in the field of energy and environment and awarding of prizes for the best articles

Closing event of the Program for journalists in the field of energy and environment and awarding of prizes for the best articles

1 December 2020

On December 1, PIPS concluded its one-year commitment as part of the Program for Journalists in the fields of Energy and Environment.

As part of this program, PIPS through the support of GIZ, during this year has held a seminar on energy and sustainable environmental planning, a workshop on environmental reporting and has organized a competition for the best articles on energy and environmental issues.
01 December 2020/Author: Diona Kusari/Number of views (5041)/Comments (0)/ Article rating: No rating
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Environmental journalists meet with the Green Caucus of Kosovar MPs

Environmental journalists meet with the Green Caucus of Kosovar MPs

27 November 2020

On November 27, journalists participating in the PIPS Program for journalists in energy and environment met with the Group Caucus of MPs.

Journalists had the opportunity to get informed about the short-term and long-term objectives of the group and their commitment to environmental protection, and its prioritization on the national agenda.

Furthermore, the discussion covered the issue of hydropower plants and the energy situation in the country, the orientation of development policies towards sustainability and raising awareness regarding Kosovar media coverage of environmental issues.
27 November 2020/Author: Diona Kusari/Number of views (4697)/Comments (0)/ Article rating: No rating
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Workshop on environmental reporting with Kosovo journalists

Workshop on environmental reporting with Kosovo journalists

25 October 2020

From 13 to 20 October 2020, we organized an environmental reporting workshop with German journalist Dirk Asendorpf and a group of Kosovar journalists profiled in research and writing on environmental issues. During these four sessions Kosovar journalists had the posssibility to learn about the history of environmental reporting, current challenges, best practices, reporting angles, presenting stories and hear about experiences of the facilitator.

 

25 October 2020/Author: Diona Kusari/Number of views (4981)/Comments (0)/ Article rating: No rating
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Publications on Energy and Environment
 
Water Security in Kosovo and the Washington Agreement 06 September 20210

Water Security in Kosovo and the Washington Agreement

Challenges stemming from a lack of coordination and normalization of political relations with Serbia have strained the management of Ujman and the Ibar canal. With this in mind, the US-led discussions in the White House on September 4, 2020 attempted to address this issue, and in point seven of the agreement a feasibility study was proposed that looked at the possibilities of sharing the flow of water.

This summary note aims to analyze the case of "Lake Ujman" focusing on regional cooperation and economic importance. Furthermore, this paper focuses on the geopolitical importance of Lake Ujman, the Washington Agreement and the recommendations arising from this agreement, similar cases and international precedents for shared management of water resources, and the consequences of the agreement.
Energy Sector in Kosovo, Regional Cooperation and Gasification Projects 27 July 20210

Energy Sector in Kosovo, Regional Cooperation and Gasification Projects

Kosovo is at crossroads regarding the energy sector, having to choose to act on either "grow now - clean up later" or "sustainable development".

Part of the solution of the Kosovar government will be the important gasification projects which are expected to be developed.

Our latest paper explains the development of infrastructure and gasification projects in Kosovo.
SUMP – A Joint Commitment: Towards an overarching institutional coordination and policy development in drafting and implementing SUMPs 30 September 20190

SUMP – A Joint Commitment: Towards an overarching institutional coordination and policy development in drafting and implementing SUMPs

This paper gives a brief explanation of the benefits a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP) could have for cities, as well as explore the possibilities of how the National Level, i.e. Members of the Parliament, could directly or indirectly support and facilitate the implementation of SUMPs in cities.

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European integration

 
European integration
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/ Categories: Integrimi Evropian

European integration

For PIPS, the integration of Kosovo and the entire Western Balkans region into the European Union is seen as a precondition for improving the lives of people and better-functioning of the institutions. For this reason, PIPS is actively involved in the process of fulfilling European standards by Kosovar institutions, through monitoring, providing recommendations or organizing capacity building trainings.

The purpose of this pillar is to the quick and effective implementation of Acquis Communautaire, as well as enhancing the capacities Kosovo institutions ready to fulfill their obligations that derive from this document. In the past PIPS worked on promoting the Stabilization and Association Agreement, while currently working on overseeing the implementation of European Reform Agenda (ERA) by the Kosovo institutions. For the implementation of the activities of this program PIPS cooperates with the EU Office in Pristina, the Ministry of European Integration (MEI), but also other organizations and institutions.

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Activities on European integration
 
Publication of "The beginning of a new ERA" and discussion on European Reform Agenda II

Publication of "The beginning of a new ERA" and discussion on European Reform Agenda II

15 October 2021

On October 14, PIPS held a roundtable discussion on "European Reform Agenda II", during which our latest publication "The beginning of a new ERA!" was presented.

Given the importance that ERA II now has on the path to EU integration and the necessary reforms for Kosovo, it is critical to overcome the obstacles previously experienced, therefore this publication provides an overview of the implementation of ERA 1 and provides recommendations for the implementation of ERA II.
15 October 2021/Author: Diona Kusari/Number of views (1418)/Comments (0)/ Article rating: No rating
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Discussion on Public Administration Reform in Kosovo

Discussion on Public Administration Reform in Kosovo

14 July 2021

On July 14, PIPS held a discussion on the progress of public administration reform in Kosovo.
The discussion brought together researchers, civil society representatives, government representatives and civil servants to talk about the stalemates and proper coordination for the progress of this much-needed reform.

The summary report on public administration reform, prepared by PIPS, was presented during this discussion.

Mrs. Venera Ramaj from the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Kosovo, Mr. Valon Gashi from the Office for Political Criteria at the Office of the Prime Minister and Mr. Demush Shasha from the EPIK Institute contributed to the panel.

The main points from the discussion were:
- Lack of political vision and will as well as political instability have impacted the stagnation of this reform;
- The digitalization of public administration should be given special emphasis as part of the reform and for the sake of the benefits that would follow;
- In order to create the momentum for the reform, the coordination between the local and central level should be strengthened;
- This reform should not be seen only as a condition by the EU but also as an opportunity for approximation with the EU.

14 July 2021/Author: Diona Kusari/Number of views (2453)/Comments (0)/ Article rating: No rating
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Diskutim mbi Reformën e Sistemit të Inspektimeve në Kosovë

Diskutim mbi Reformën e Sistemit të Inspektimeve në Kosovë

11 May 2021

Më 11 Maj PIPS mbajti diskutimin për reformën e sistemit të inspektimeve në vend, ku morrën pjesë përfaqësues nga inspektoratet, ministritë përgjegjëse dhe shoqëria civile.

Gjatë kësaj ngjarje u prezantua analiza e PIPS si dhe u mbajt një diskutim mes pjesëmarrësve dhe panelistëve rreth aspekteve ligjore të reformës, kontekstit të tanishëm dhe pengesat e inspektorateve në lidhje me zbatimin e reformës.
11 May 2021/Author: Diona Kusari/Number of views (2820)/Comments (0)/ Article rating: No rating
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Publications on European integration
 
SEFTA 'The New Proposal for Cooperation in the Western Balkans' 17 January 20220

SEFTA 'The New Proposal for Cooperation in the Western Balkans'

Regional cooperation in the Balkans is accompanied by a deep mistrust between states. Various initiatives initiated by the European Union or EU members, have installed various mechanisms to facilitate regional relations and maximize benefits for all participating countries. However, this has often not been the case. This Policy Note analyzes in a comparative context the government proposal with the existing economic cooperation agreement. Meanwhile, it provides an overview of how the new proposal would work, in the normative framework.
Disinformation in the Western Balkan countries and the necessity for a firm response 15 November 20210

Disinformation in the Western Balkan countries and the necessity for a firm response

In our latest paper, PIPS analyzed Kosovo's approach and its role in the global fight against misinformation. Similar to other parts of the globe, in recent years the Western Balkans has seen an increase in disinformation and hybrid wars.

In the Western Balkans, the main purposes of fake news include, among other things, undermining the legitimacy and sovereignty of Kosovo's statehood, changing the narratives of war and war crimes, and undermining the West's credibility regarding state-building in Kosovo. News about Kosovo, in addition to being a dominant topic in the Serbian media, is often the subject of inaccurate reporting. Narratives spread by biased media also focus on weakening support for Euro-Atlantic institutions.

Such developments are an obstacle to regional integration and cooperation, which is why in this policy analysis PIPS has listed opportunities and recommendations for the government of Kosovo and the EU to address this phenomenon.
The beginning of an ERA! 15 October 20210

The beginning of an ERA!

The European Union and Kosovo agreed to start the second phase of the European Reform Agenda (ERA II) in order to continue the implementation of the SAA. As a result, the Hoti government approved the ERA II priorities on 19 October 2020. After consultations with CSOs, implementing institutions and the European Commission, the two-year action plan for ERA II was initially approved in principle by the Ministerial Council for European Integration. In May 2021 and was subsequently approved by the new Kurti government on 11 August.

Given the importance that ERA II now has on the path to EU integration, it is critical to overcome the previously experienced obstacles, to avoid falling into the same traps and experiencing the same delays. Prishtina Institute for Political Studies presents an overview of the implementation of ERA 1 and recommendations which can improve the overall implementation of ERA II in this publication.
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Quality Governance

 
Quality Governance
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/ Categories: Qeverisja cilesore

Quality Governance

The Quality Governance Program designs and implements projects that monitor the policy-making, decision-making and implementation process from the Kosovo institutions. The program is focused on ensuring high quality governance through respecting democratic standards, thereby benefiting the public interest and life of citizens. By doing so, we work with both national and local levels. Since 2020, with the support of Kingdom of Netherlands Embassy, PIPS is overseeing the implementation of the Government Program by the Kosovo institutions, in partnership with Lëvizja FOL. Special emphasis is drawn to the areas of public administration, European Agenda priorities and rule of law.

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Activities on Quality Governance
 
What are Kosovo institutions doing to combat violent extremism?

What are Kosovo institutions doing to combat violent extremism?

8 December 2021

On 8 December PIPS held a discussion regarding what Kosovo institutions are doing to tackle issues of violent extremism. This discussion was held as part of the Resilient Community Program (a consortium between Advocacy Training and Resource Center - ATRC, PEN - Peer Educators Network, Balkan Investigative Reporting Network and Prishtina Institute for Political Studies) supported by the Global Community Engagement and Resilience Fund - GCERF and USAID.

The panel was attended by Mrs. Ganimete Gërbovci from the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Mrs. Adelina Ahmeti from BIRN Kosovo, and Mr. Skënder Përteshi from the Kosovar Center for Security Studies - KCSS.

This discussion essentially addressed the combination of different measures taken by Kosovo institutions, also taking into account the views from the media and civil society.
08 December 2021/Author: Diona Kusari/Number of views (652)/Comments (0)/ Article rating: No rating
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Focus groups held to discuss the political and socio-economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic

Focus groups held to discuss the political and socio-economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic

1 November 2021

Impact of the COVID19 pandemic in regards to socio-economic and political developments - these were the topics covered in the last two focus groups organized by PIPS with CSOs, media, government representatives, chamber representatives etc.
These focus groups are part of the project funded by the Balkan Trust for Democracy, a project of the German Marshall Fund of the United States and USAID.

PIPS will publish two policy studies on these impact areas with discussion findings from these focus groups as well.
01 November 2021/Author: Diona Kusari/Number of views (1424)/Comments (0)/ Article rating: No rating
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Presentation of survey results on "Kosovo citizens' mindset regarding political questions"

Presentation of survey results on "Kosovo citizens' mindset regarding political questions"

19 July 2021

PIPS in cooperation with Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung Office in Kosovo has published the results of the survey "Kosovo citizens' mindset regarding political questions".

The survey has produced interesting data about the views of Kosovar citizens on the relationship of the state with the economy, individual freedoms, ideology and political parties in the country, political participation and segmentation of Kosovar voters according to political ideology.

The report's findings were presented on 19 July. You can follow the presentation via the link: https://www.facebook.com/watch/live/?v=1018364208701645&ref=watch_permalink
19 July 2021/Author: Diona Kusari/Number of views (1867)/Comments (0)/ Article rating: No rating
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Publication on Quality Governance
 
Kosova as a rational actor in international society - The case of countering violent extremism 01 October 20210

Kosova as a rational actor in international society - The case of countering violent extremism

Is Kosovo a rational actor and a responsible member of the international democratic community?

In the latest paper, PIPS analyzed Kosovo's approach and role in the global fight against violent extremism.

The publication sheds light on examples and cases that show that:
In the global fight against violent extremism, Kosovo has demonstrated itself as a rational actor, taking responsibility for the repatriation and reintegration of its citizens from the areas;
Kosovo institutions have shown capacity to take on and fulfill global commitments that contribute to international peace and security;
Kosovo enjoys religious tolerance but international media reporting has created the impression that the country is ravaged by religious radicalization and extremism;
Furthermore, Kosovo has identified ethno-political radicalization as detrimental to its stability, peace and security.
To what extent is the Vetëvendosje electoral program integrated into the Government Program? 07 September 20210

To what extent is the Vetëvendosje electoral program integrated into the Government Program?

This report analyzes the level of integration of electoral promises in the government plan, consequently stressing the importance of the feasibility and accountability in regards to electoral promises.

For the first time since 1999, Vetëvendosje's electoral results scale, allowed a political party in Kosovo to form a government with the sole support of non-majority political parties.

This short report discusses the content of the Government Program of the Republic of Kosovo 2021-2025, in relation to the electoral program of Vetëvendosje. The results show that the highest group of these promises are not integrated in the government program, comprising a figure of about 48%. The report was compiled as part of the project 'Strengthening Transparency and Accountability for Reforms" supported by Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Kosovo.

The data were selected and categorized by the FOL Movement, while the report was prepared by the Prishtina Institute for Political Studies (PIPS).
Citizens' mindset towards political questions 19 July 20210

Citizens' mindset towards political questions

"The Citizens' Mindset towards Political Questions" survey was first published by the Prishtina Institute for Political Studies (PIPS), in collaboration with the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung (KAS) Office in Prishtina.

The survey aims to produce credible results that will be useful to those involved in the field, i.e. political parties, decisionmakers, policymakers, scholars, analysts and others.

The results of the survey are divided into two parts: Perspectives on the state's relationship with the economy and individual freedoms, as well as perspectives on politics and political participation.
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